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初中英語聽力??嫉?0組英語對話!太全了!早看早受益

日期: 2020-09-22
瀏覽次數: 9

英語聽力總讓許多同學感到害怕,就連英語成績不錯的同學們也表示做起來有壓力,那么怎樣才能攻克聽力這個難關呢?小編認為, 熟悉幾類常見情景,掌握特定情景中的常用表達,是做好聽力的關鍵!這篇文章就根據30個??记榫?,為大家總結了常用對話,每天讀一讀,聽力一定有提高!



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初中英語聽力??嫉?0組英語對話!太全了!早看早受益

一、打電話(Making phone calls)


1、請給某人/某單位打電話


Would/could/can you ring up...?請你...打電話好吧?


句中ring up意思是“給某人打電話”,除了用ring up外,還可用call, call up, telephone 等,意思相同 can you...?用得最普通:could/would you...?用在正式場合,比較禮貌。


2、電話撥不通時常說:


The line is busy , I can‘t get through.電話占線,我打不通。


/ I’ll try again later.我過一會兒再打.


其中line指電話線路,get through 指接通電話。


3、電話撥通后相互打招呼:


Hello,(name or telephone number)你好,(并通報本人的姓名或單位名稱或電話號碼)Hello,is that...speaking?你是...嗎?/ Who is that speaking/calling?你是誰?/ Who is speaking/calling, please?你是誰?


應答時常說:Yes,(this is)...speaking. 是的,我是..../ Yes, it‘s...here. 我是....


4、打電話請對方找人或留言:


Is...in/at home?某某在家嗎?/ Can/may/could I speak to..., please?請...接電話好嗎?/ Will/would you give a message to..., please?請給...捎個口信好嗎?/ Would you tell him my telephone number, please?請你把我的電話號碼告訴他好嗎?/ Can/could you ask...to ring me back,? please?請叫...給我回個電話好嗎?


應答時常說:


Hold>

二、勸告和建議(Advice and suggestion)


1、You‘d better (not)do sth... 你最好(不)干..../ You should do sth. 你應該干..../ You need(to)do sth. 你需要干....


2、Why don‘t you do sth?為什么不..../ Why not do sth?為什么不....這是以反問的方式提出勸告或建議,含有建議對方去干某事的意思,而不是詢問對方為何不去干某事的原因.


3、What/How about +名詞或動名詞...?這種句型表達隨便的建議,有征求對方意見的意思,多數情況下是建議和對方一起做某事。


4、“Shall we...?”這種句型用于建議對方與自己一起做什么,是一種普通的表示建議的方法。它和“Let‘s..., shall we?”句型可以互換,在回答時,如果贊成這個建議,常用“Yes, let's…”或“OK, let’s…”


5、用suggest作謂語的陳述句


這種句子用于表達比較正式的建議,在會議上和討論中使用較多,也常用于書面形式,后面常跟名詞、動名詞或that從句作賓語.注意跟從句時,從句中動詞用動詞原形式should+動詞原形。


6、用Let‘s開頭的祈使句


這是最普通的表達建議的方法,建議對方和自己一起做什么.let's后接動詞原形.若句尾加上“shall we?”, “OK?”等用于征求對方法的詞語,從而使語氣委婉得多。


注意:對對方的建議表示同意時常用的答語為:


Great太好了,That‘s a good idea.真是個好主意。對對方的建議表示不同意,或根本不能滿足對方的要求而表示歉意時的常用答語為:I’m afraid that... 我擔心....,我恐怕.....I‘m afraid not. 恐拍不行。


7、用should,ought to等情態動詞來表示“勸告”


8、用動詞advise,名詞advice表示勸告


三、表示問候(Expressing greetings)


1、直接問候


一般打招呼用語,答語通常是重復對方的話


Hello.你好!Hi嗨!Good morning(afternoon, evening)早上(下午、晚上)好


2.您好!初次見面打招呼的用語How do you do?/ Glad to meet you.


答語也是“How do you do?/ Glad to meet you.”


3.對有一段時候沒有見面的熟人可選用這些句型:How are you?/ How have you been?你(您)好嗎?


答語往往是:“Fine, thank you. And you?”


4.向認識但不常見面的人打招呼,可選用這些表達法. How‘s everything with you?/ How is everything going?/ How are you getting>

答語可用:“Pretty well“/ ” Very well“ ”Everything is OK(一切順利)“Not too bad“還好”


5.對于不認識想要叫他(她)停下來時,可選用這些說法:Hey, sir(madam)喂,先生(小姐)/ Just a moment, sir(madam)等一下,先生(小姐)注意:此時不能說:“Hey! You!”


2、間接問候


1.Please give>

2.“Say hi/hello to...(from me)”意為“向...致意/問候”.這相當于Please give my best regards/wishes to...(請代我向...問好)的意思。


對于上述問候,其答語為:Of course/Sure , I will等。


四、感謝與應答(Thanks and responses)


Thank you/ Thanks謝謝!/ Thank you very much非常感謝!/ Thank you so much/ Thanks a lot多謝 / Thank you very much indeed 應該好好感謝你 / Thanks a million萬分感謝!/ I don‘t know how to thank you真不知該怎樣感謝你I’m really grateful to you.非常感謝你!That‘s most kind of you你心眼兒真好/ You’re kind! 你真好。


如果別人想為你辦事,可你覺得不必麻煩他或者別人替你辦事沒有辦成但你還要感謝他,這時你可以說:


Thank you just the same.同樣感謝你的好意 / Thank you all the same.同樣得感謝你 / It‘s very considerate of you.你考慮得真周到!/ It’s most thoughtful of you.你想得真周到!


在回答別人的感謝時,常說:


You‘re welcome不客氣 / Not at all 沒事兒 / Don’t mention it 不用謝 / It‘s my pleasure 我很樂意. / No trouble at all 一點也不麻煩 / It was the least I could do 這是我應該做的/ I’m glad I could do it.我很高興能這么做 / That‘s all right.沒關系,不用謝 / I’m delighted to have been able to do that for you 能為你效勞我很高興 / It‘s really nothing at all 算不了什么,不用謝


五、介紹(Introductions)


介紹某人的常用表達式


I‘ll introduce you.我來給你介紹......../ I want to introduce.....我想介紹.... / May I introduce you to...?我把你介紹給...好嗎?/ I’d like you to meet... 我想讓你見見.... / It‘s with great pleasure that I introduce.....to you.很榮幸讓我介紹.......給你./ Let me introduce you to......讓我把你介紹給....... / By the way, do you know......?順便問一問,你認識.......嗎?


對介紹的應答


How do you do?你好!/ I‘m pleased to know you.很高興認識你./ Very glad to meet you.很高興認識你./ Nice to meet you.很高興認識你. / It’s a pleasure to meet you.認識你很高興。


六、祝愿、祝賀及應答(Good wishes, congratulations and responses)


1、當某人取得成功時


I have passed the examination!我已經通過考試了.


Congratulations(to you)祝賀你!


2、當某人外出旅行時


Good luck with your trip!祝您們旅途平安!Have a good trip/journey.=I wish you a good trip/journey.祝你旅途愉快,祝你一路順風。/ Good trip to you./Nice journey to you.祝你旅途愉快 / Have a nice/pleasant/wonderful time.=I wish you a nice/pleasant/wonderful time.祝你過得愉快,祝你玩得痛快。


3、當某人生日時 A: Happy birthday to you;生日快樂!B: Thank you!謝謝!


4、當某人即將做某事時

A:I will take the exams tomorrow.我明天將參加考試.B:Good luck (to you)?。↖ wish you success?。┳D樌。ㄗD晒Γ。?/p>


注:上述幾點中祝愿(賀)的回答可用. Thanks./thank you/thanks a lot.或It‘s kind of you to say so.謝謝. /多謝. /謝謝您./謝謝你這么說。


5、在公共節日里


A:Happy New Year(to you)!新年快樂!


B:Thanks. The same to you?。℉appy New Year to you, too?。┲x謝!您也一樣?。ㄒ沧D履昕鞓罚。?/p>


七、請求允許和應答(Asking for permission and responses)


1、Can I/Could I/May I...?我可不可以...?


這個是請求對方允許自己做某事的最普通的交際用語,其中could I...?語氣最婉轉;May I...?常用在比較正式的場合;Can I...?用得最廣泛。


對于所提出的請求表示允許或同意時,可說:Yes./Sure./Certainly.當然可以.Of course, you may.當然可以.Yes, do please.請吧。Go ahead, please.請吧。That‘s Ok. /all right. 好的。


對于所提出的請求表示不允許或不同意時,可說:No, pleased don‘t.請不要./I’m sorry you can‘t.對不起,你不可以/...I’m sorry, but...對不起,但是.... /You‘d better not...你最好別....


2、Do you mind if I do...?


這是用來表示“請求許可”的交際用語.句中的mind作“介意”、“反對”解.整句的意思是“如果我干某事,你反對/介意嗎?”或“我干某事,”好嗎?注意:當我們用“Do you mind if...”時,if從句中的謂語動詞一般用現在時;當我們用“Would you mind if...”時,if從句中的謂語動詞一般用過去時,這時語氣更加婉轉.應答時,如果表示“允許/不介意”,常說:No, I don‘t mind. 我不介意/我允許。Certainly not / Of course not. 當然不介意.No, go ahead. 不介意,你干吧.Not at all. 一點也不介意。如果表示“不允許/介意”時,常說:I’m sorry you can‘t...很抱歉,你不能....I’m afraid....恐怕....I‘m afraid it’s not allowed. 恐怕這是不允許的.


3、I wonder if I could/can...?我想知道我能否...?


這也是用來表示“請求許可”的交際用語.句中的wonder作“想知道”解,后面常跟if從句.整個句子的意思是“我想知道我是否可以......?”用以委婉地提出請求。應答時,如果允許,常說:Sure, go ahead./Yes, please do.可以,請吧. Yes/Of course/Certainly. 當然可以,如果不允許,可以說:I‘m sorry, but... 對不起,...I’m afraid not. 恐怕不行.No, please don‘t. 請不要.......You’d better not... 你最好別.....


八、請求(Requests)


1、用may(can, could),來表達


表示同意請求的應答:yes, you may(can)是的/certainly(=of course/Sure.)當然可以/Yes, do please,好的,請吧。


注:上述回答中can不能換成could因為could在一般疑問句中表示委婉的請求,而在肯定句中,則無此功能.


表示不同意請求的應答:No, you mustn‘t,不可以/No, you can’t,不能.No, you‘d better not你最好不這樣/Please don’t 請不要這樣/Sorry, I‘m afraid not,對不起,恐怕不能。


2、用Shall來表達


表示同意的請求應答:Yes, I‘d like to.好的,我愿意./All right(=OK)好的/(That’s a)Good idea 好主意./Yes, Let‘s.好的,讓我們走吧.


表示不同意請求的應答:Please don‘t.請不要這樣./I don’t think so.我認為不要這樣./I‘m afraid not,恐怕不能


3、用Would, Will, Would(Will)you please...?/Would you like...?來表達


表示同意請求的應答:Yes, I‘d like to.(=Yes, I’d love to.=Yes, I‘ll be glad to.=Yes, I should I like to)是的,我愿意./With pleasure.十分愿意.


注:上述回答中介詞to均不能省略.


表示不同意請求的應答:I‘d like (love)to, but I’m busy,我很想,但我很忙./I‘m sorry, but I’m busy.對不起,我很忙./I‘m afraid not恐怕不能./I’d really like to, but I have no time.我的確很愿意,可我沒時間.


4、用please 來表達.


表示同意請求的應答:OK,(=All right.)好的./of course.(=Sure.=Certainly.)當然可以./With pleasure.十分愿意。


表示不同意請求的應答:I‘m sorry, but I’m busy,對不起,我很忙,/I‘m afraid not 恐怕不行。


九、道歉和應答(Apologize and responses)


Excuse me for...... 請原諒我....../ Pardon me for....... 請原諒我......./ I‘m really sorry for..... / 我真為.......感到抱歉.I’m awfully sorry. I don‘t mean to...... 我非常抱歉,我無意....../ I’m so sorry. It‘s all my fault. 我十分抱歉,都是我的過錯./ I’m terribly sorry about..... 我對......非常抱歉./ It was wrong of me to do....... 做......是我的過錯./ I really feel bad about...... 我真對........感到難過 ./ I regret that...... 我后悔......./ I do apologize about......我對.......表示道歉. / I hope you‘ll pardon me for....希望你能原諒我....... / I must make an apology for.....我必須對.....表示道歉 ./ Please forgive me for......請原諒我.......


對道歉的反應


It really isn‘t worth mentioning.實在不值得一提.Don’t say more about it.不要再提它了.Never mind, it doesn‘t really matter.沒關系,真的不要緊.Please don’t worry about it.請別為這事擔心.It‘s nothing serious.沒有什么關系.Please think nothing of it.請別想它了.Well,it’s>

十、邀請與應答(Invitation and responses)


1、用一般疑問句形式


Will / would / can / could you come to...?是被邀請人接受的可能性較大.表示“請您來...好嗎?”。例如:


Will you come to take part in my party?你來參加我的聚會好嗎?


Would you like +名詞(代詞) / 不定式 / sb.+不定式?


此句型表示“您愿意...?或你是否愿意...?”,此時邀請人不知對方是否接受邀請,是商量、詢問及試探性的邀請、請求或表示個人的想法、看法。例如:


Would you like to go there with him?你愿意與他一道去那兒嗎?


B:Yes, I‘d like(love) to好的,我愿意.(類似肯定表達法:Yes, I’d be happy to.好的,我很樂意.Yes,


it‘s very kind / nice of you to invite me. 好的,謝謝您邀請我。


Yes,it’s very kind of you. 真是太好了,謝謝。


2、用陳述句形式


I like sb. to do sth./ I‘d like you to come to....這是向某人發出邀請的常見句式。表示“希望(想叫)某人做某事”,常與would連用,是一種客氣的邀請。例如:


A :I‘d like to invite you to see a film with me.我想請你和我一起去看電影.


B:I‘d like(love) to, but I’m very busy.我很想,但我很忙.(類似委婉拒絕表達法:I‘d love to....I’m afraid我想去,恐怕...,Thank you for inviting me.)


It‘s very kind of you to invite me, but I’m busy.謝謝你邀請我,但我很忙.)


十一、提供幫助和應答(Offers and responses)


Can/ could/ Shall I help you (with that)?我可以幫你嗎?/ Can/ Could/ Shall I do...for you?我可以幫你干...嗎?/ What can I do for you?我能為你做什么?/ Would you like some/any help?你要不要什么幫助?/Would you like me to do sth. for you ?你要不要什么幫助?/ Would you like me to do sth. for you ?你要不要我為你干... ?/ Do you want me to... ?你要我干...嗎?/ Is there anything (else) I can do (for you)?還有什么(別的事)我可以為你效勞嗎?/ Let me do...for you. 讓我來幫你干...吧.


應答時,不管你需不需要對方的幫助,首先得表示感謝.


Thank you./ Thanks a lot/ Thank you very much. 謝謝./ Yes, please./ Thanks, please. 好的,謝謝./ Thank you for your help. 謝謝你的幫助.


如果需要幫助可以說:


Thanks. That‘s very kind /good / nice (of you). 謝謝,那太好了.


如果謝絕幫助,可以說:No, thanks. I can manage it myself.謝謝,我自己可以對付./ No, thank you, but I can do it myself. 謝謝,我能行./ No, I can do it, but thank you all the same.我可以干,謝謝./ That‘s all right. thank you. 沒什么,謝謝.


十二、看病時病交際用語


1、醫生詢問病情時的常用語


What can I do for you“ 你看什么???/ What‘s wrong/the matter/ the trouble with you?你有什么不舒服./ Is there anything wrong with you?有什么看病嗎?


2、病人訴說病情時的常用語


I feel terrible/ bad/ ill sick. 我感到很不舒服./ I don‘t feel well. /I’m not feeling well.我感到不舒服./ I‘m not in good health. 我身體不好./ There is something wrong with... 我的...有毛病.


I have / have got.... 我覺得...痛./ My back / nose hurts / aches. 我的背/鼻子痛.


3、醫生給病人檢查時的常用語


(Lie down and )let me exam you. (躺下),讓我檢查一下./ Does it hurt here?這兒痛嗎?


4、醫生看完病后對病人提出醫囑時的常用語


It‘s nothing serious. 病不重.不要緊./ You’d better have a good rest. 你最好好好休息休息.


Take this medicine three times a day. 這藥每天吃三次./ Drink plenty of water and have a good rest. 多喝水,好好休息./ You have a high temperature. 你發燒了,/ 你體溫高./ You‘d better go to bed don’t get up until you feel Better. 你最好躺在床上,感到好一點再起床./ Take 2 pills now and 2 more in 4 hours‘ time. 現在吃2片藥,隔4小時再吃2片./ I advise you(not) to... 我勸你(別)... / I suggest you... 我建議你... / You’ll be well/ all right soon. 不久你會好的.


十三 、談論天氣情況


1、It is raining /blowing /snowing ,(isn‘t it ?)下雨了/刮風了/下雪了,(對嗎?)


It is +adj ./n.(today ). 今天的天氣...這類句子都是用來發表對天氣的看法的.“It is +ady /n (today )”中間可用表述天氣情況的形容詞或名詞,應答時可說:Yes ,it is .


2、What‘s the weather like today ?今天天氣怎樣?/ What’s the weather going to be like ...?天氣將怎樣?


這兩個句型都是用來詢問天氣情況的.前者詢問當天的天氣后者詢問未來的天氣,在like 后加表示未來的時間狀語(如tomorrow .the day after tomorrow )應答時可說:It‘s fine /warm /cold /hot ...或It’s going to be fine /warm/cold /hot ...


“What‘s the weather like ...?”也可以用“How is the weather...?”表達,其意思想同.


十四 、問路及應答的交際用語


Excuse me. Can you tell me the way to ...?勞駕,請告訴我去.....(地方)怎么走?/ Excuse me. Han can I get to...?勞駕,問怎樣去.....(地方)?/ Excuse me, please, where is...?勞駕,請問去...的路怎么去?


問路時,首先說“Excuse me.”意思是“請原諒”、“請問”、“勞駕”,表示因為打擾而道歉,然后再問路,應答時可根據實際情況回答.常用的有以下幾種表達:


How far is it from here?它離這里多遠?/ It‘s about...meters from here. 它離這里大約...米遠./ It’s about...yards/meters down this street./ Go straight ahead till you see...沿著這條街走約...米就到了./ Go straight ahead till you see... 照直走到...(地方)為止 ./ Go down/along this street. 沿著這條街走下去./ Take this street/road. 走這條街/大路./ Go through the gate and you‘ll find the entrance to...穿過大門,你就會看到...的幾口處./ Go down/along this street till you get to ...沿著這條街走到...(地方)為止./ Turn right/left at the first/second crossing.在第一/二個十字路口向右/左轉./ You’d better take a taxi/minibus/No. 5 bus...你最好坐出租車/乘小公共汽車 / 乘5路公共汽車.


十五 、就餐時的交際用語


1、就餐時,當主人詢問客人想吃/喝點什么時,主人常說:


Would you like sth.(to eat / to drink)?你想吃 / 喝點...嗎?/ What would you like (to have)?你想要吃點什么?/ Would you like some more...?你還要點...嗎?/ How about (some more) ...?(再)來點...怎么樣?


2、就餐時,當主人主動請客人吃/喝點東西時,主人常說:


Help yourself to...?你吃/喝點...吧./ Let me give you...?讓我來人你...吧./ Make yourself at home. 請隨便吃,不要客氣.


3、當客人表示愿意或同意吃/喝點東西時,?;卮穑?/p>


Yes, please,好的.I‘d like...我想來點....Well, just a little, please. 好的,請來一點兒.


4、當客人表示不想吃/喝東西或表示已經吃飽/喝好了時,?;卮穑篘o, thanks, 謝謝,不要了.Thank you , I‘ve had enough. 謝謝,我已經夠了.I’m full, thank you. 謝謝,我吃飽了.


十六、告別


1、告別前用語


I‘m afraid I must be off/be going/be leaving now.恐怕我得走了./ I think I must be off/ be going/ be leaving now.我看我得走了./ Well, It’s getting late.噢,天已晚了./ I‘ve got to go now.現在我必須得走了./ Maybe we could get together sometime.也許我們什么時候還能再聚一聚.


2、對告別前用語的回答


Thank you for coming.多謝你的光臨./ Yes, I‘ve enjoy it.對,我很開心./ My pleasure, too.這也是我的榮幸./ Could you stay a little longer?你能再呆一會兒嗎?/ In that case, I won’t keep you.那么我就不留你了.


3、告別用語


Good-bye!/ Be seeing you soon. Bye!/ Bye!/ Bye for now. / See you. / See you later. Bye-bye!再見!Good night.晚安!Have a pleasant journey!/ Wish you a pleasant journey.祝你旅途愉快!Don‘t forget to give me a ring.不要忘記給我來電話.Remember to give me a ring.記住給我來電話.


4、對告別用語的回答


Good-bye!再見!/ Good night!晚安!You too. / Same to you.你也一樣.So long. Take care.再見!保重.


十七、贊美和恭維及應答(Making Compliments and Responses)


It‘s beautiful. 真漂亮!/ That’s marvellous!真了不起!/ It‘s a lovely picture!多好看的照片!/ I’m glad you did...... 我很高興你做了....../ I‘m pleased you did... 我很興奮你做了....../ How clever of you!你好聰明哦!/ I like the way you did...... 我喜歡你做......的方式/ I admire the way you do...... 我敬佩你做......的方式/ I’ve never seen such a...... 我還沒有見到過如此的......./ What a nice coat you have!你的外衣很漂亮哦!/ You look very smart today!你今天看上去好神氣哦!/ What a wonderful house!你的房子好漂亮哦!/ It matches your suit perfectly. 這和你的衣服很相配./ You‘ve certainly given us a very good lecture. 你的確給我們做了一場精彩的講演./ You have a beautiful smile.你的笑真美. / You have a good sense of humour.你挺有幽默感的./ Your wife is beautiful. 你的妻子真漂亮./ You gave an excellent speech.你的演講真精彩. / Your car is nice.你的車真漂亮. / This is a lovely dinner./The dinner is great.這頓飯真不錯. / That’s a very nice suit you‘ve got>

Well done, Johnson!干得好,約翰遜!/ I‘m so happy for you!真為你感到高興!/ It’s very well deserved!就該這樣!/ You must be terribly pleased!你一定非常高興吧!/ Aren‘t you very excited, Tom?湯姆,你一定很激動吧!


Oh, I‘m glad you like it. 哦,你喜歡,我真高興./ I’m glad you think so. / I‘m delighted you think so. 你能這樣認為我真高興./ Oh, thank you.哦,謝謝!/How kind of you to say that. 你能那樣說真好./ I’m glad to hear that.聽到這我真高興. / Thanks for saying so.謝謝你這樣說.


十八 、約會的交際用語


1、詢問對方是否有空:


Will you be free (tonight/ tomorrow/...)?你(今晚/明天 ...)有空嗎?


肯定回答:Yes, I‘ll be free (tonight / tomorrow...).我(今晚/明天...)有空.


否定回答:No,I won‘t be free(tonight/ tomorrow...).不,(今晚/明天...)沒有空.


比較客氣委婉的否定回答:


I‘m afraid not. (I’m afraid I‘m not free tonight/tomorrow...).恐怕沒有空.


2、詢問約會的時間、地點:


What time shall we meet?我們什么時候會面呢?/Where is the best place to meet?我們最好在什么地方會面呢?/ How about 5 p.m./ tonight/ tomorrow...?下午五點(今晚/明天......)怎么樣?/ What about (meeting) at the gate/ outside the station...?在大門口/在車站外邊碰頭怎么樣?/Shall we meet at 7:30 p.m. at the gate ?我們下午七點半大門口碰頭好嗎?/ I‘ll meet you at the theatre at 7:30 p.m.我會在七點半在劇場見你./ I suggest 7 o’clock.我建議七點鐘(碰頭).


3、有關約會的時間,地點的詢問和應答,可根據具體情況進行.


十九、關心和焦慮的交際用語


1、What‘s wrong/the matter(with)...?表示的意思是“你怎么啦?”、“你有什么不舒服?”、“出了什么毛???”,用來詢問對方的疾病、痛苦、憂傷、事故等情況,.句中的wrong作“失常的”、“狀況不佳的”,matter作“麻煩事”、“毛病”、“故障,指病痛或事故的原因.”


What‘s wrong with...和What’s the matter with...?兩個句子意思相同,可以互換.


2、Is there anything the matter?意思是“出了什么事嗎?”、“有什么毛病嗎”這個句子還可以簡化為:anything the matter?


3、We are anxious/worried about...“be anxious/worried about”意思是“為(某人/某事)擔心”,可用于各種時態,其中的be可用get代替(即“get anxious /worried about”)


4、There is no need to be worried.沒有必要擔心./ There is nothing to worry about.沒有什么可以擔心的.


對于別人的擔心或焦慮,??梢杂靡陨暇渥颖硎緦捨?


二十、喜好、厭惡和偏愛


I. 表示喜好


1、用I like /love sth./sb. 來表達.(表示“我不喜歡某人/某事”)


2、用I like/love to do sth./doing sth.來表達(表示“我為喜歡做某事”的意思)


注意:1)在 like后加上表示程度的詞如:very much ,a lot, little,等


3、用I enjoy sth./doing sth.來表達.(表示“我喜歡/欣賞某事”的意思)


II. 表示厭惡


1、用I don‘t like (to).......來表達.(表示“我不喜歡某人/某事”的意思)


2、用I hate (to).......來表達(表示“我不喜歡某人/某事”的意思)


3、用.Idon‘t enjoy sth./doing sth來表達.(表示“我不喜歡某人/欣賞某事”的意思)


III. 表示偏愛


1、用I prefer A to B.來表達.( 表示“ 我喜歡A甚過喜歡B”的意思)2、用would rather do........來表達(表示“寧愿做........”的意思 )


二十一、表示同意和不同意的用語


1、表示同意


Certainly./ Sure./ Of course.當然可以./No problem. 沒有問題.Yes ,I think so.是的,我也這樣認為./ I agree with sb.我同意某人的看法./ I agree with sb. 我同意某事.I agree that... 我同意.../ Good idea !/ That‘s a good idea.好主意./ It’s a good idea to do sth. 干某事是人好主意./Yes ,please.是的,請吧./ You are right . 你是對的./ That‘s true./Ok./All right. 好的./ That’s just what I think. 我也是那么想的./ That‘s my opinion, too.我也是那么想的. /There’s no doubt about it.那毫無疑問.


2、表示不同意.


No,I don‘t think so. 不,我不這樣認為./ I don’t agree with sb. 我不同意某人的看法./ I don‘t agree to sth. 我不同意某事./ I don’t agree that . 我不同意.... / I‘m afraid not. /I’m afraid that...恐怕(不)...


二十二、表示肯定和否定的用語


1、表示肯定:


Sure./of course./Certainly.肯定/當然/一定./ I‘m sure of/about...我確信... / I’m sure that...我確信.../ That‘s sure.是真的.


2、表示否定


No.不是./ I‘m not sure of/about...對...我沒有把握./ I’m not sure whether/if...我沒有把握...


二十三、語言困難( Language Difficulties )


1、當不知某個詞的發音時,用How do you pronounce...?這個詞你怎么讀?


2、當不知某個詞的漢語意思時,用What‘s the Chinese meaning of the word...?...詞的漢語意思是什么?類似的表過還有:What do you mean by...in Chinese?/What’s the Chinese for...?/ What does ...mean in Chinese?


3、當不知某個詞的拼寫時,用Could/can you spell the word?你能拼一下這個詞嗎?


4、當沒聽清(懂)對方講話內容時,


用I‘m sorry, I didn’t quite follow(catch)you.對不起,請再說一遍時,可用下列句型表達:I‘m afraid I didn’t follow (catch)起,我沒有聽懂(清).


5、當沒聽懂(清)對方所說的話或請求對方再重復you./Would you mind I repeating that?/pardon ?Beg your pardon?/ I beg your pardon?/ Could you say that again ?/Would you please say that again?/Would you please say that more slowly?


6、問對方是否聽懂(清)時,


用:Is that clear?/Have I made myself clear?/Do you see what I mean ?/ Do you understand?


7、當不知如何表達某一意思時,用:I‘m sorry, I know>

8、當表示在語言某方面上有無困難時,可用 I have some(no, much, little, a little,some) difficulty (trouble)in pronouncing(spelling,......) .......意為“在做某事方面有一些(沒有、很多、很少、有一點困難).”或用have some (no,little,a little,much ,any)difficulty(trouble) with sth.


9、訂正或澄清錯誤時,用:I‘m sorry, I have made a mistake.對不起,我犯了個錯誤.I’m sorry, I should have said...對不起,我本該說....That‘s not what I meant.我不是那個意思.What I mean is ...我的意思是....I’ll try to explain that again,我將盡力再解釋一下.


二十四、表示禁止和警告的交際用語


1、Look out!/Be careful!/ Take care!


這三個句子都作“當心、小心”解,look out語氣最強,往往用于某種緊急的情況或可能出現危險的場合,其后接for短語.take care語氣沒有那樣強,多用于對可能出現的不測作出預先的提醒或警告,其后可接不定式短語或that從句,從句的謂語動詞用一般現在時.be careful可代替look out和take care,其后也可接不定式以及about, with等介詞短語.


2、下列句型也可用來表示警告:


Don‘t do sth.......or......不要干某事,否則....If you.......you’ll......如果你...,你就會...


3、以否定祈使句或“No+-ing”表示禁止和警告.


Don‘t smoke!不準抽煙!/ Don’t be late!不要遲到!/ Don‘t take pictures here!不要在此拍照!/ No smoking!不準抽煙!/ No parking!不準停車!/ No spitting!不要隨地吐痰!


4、用can‘t / mustn’t表示禁止和警告.


二十五、詢問國籍、籍貫,姓名及職業時的常用語


What‘s your nationality?Are you American...?你是哪國人?/ 你是美國人嗎?/ Are you from American / Britain... ?你是美國人/英國人...嗎?/ Where are you from ?你是哪里人?/ What country are you from ?你是哪個國家的?/ What are you?你是干什么的?/ Who are you?你是誰?/ What’s your name?你叫什么名字?


二十六、談論愛好Talking about Hobbies.


詢問對方的業余愛好


What are your hobbies?你的愛好是什么?/ What do you often do in your free/ spare time?你在業余時間經常做什么?/ What are your favorite sports?你最喜愛的運動是什么?/ Do you like+drawing/ playing chess....?你喜歡繪畫/下棋....?/ What are you interested in after work?下班后你對什么有興趣?


敘述自己的愛好


My hobby is.....我的愛好是...... / I enjoy+watching Tv/ listening to music......我喜歡看電視 / 聽音樂....../ I like /love + collecting stamps /fishing......我喜歡集郵 / 釣魚....../ I find.....very interesting.我覺得.......很有趣.


二十七 、表示遺憾、同情的交際用語


1、be afraid that.......恐怕......


2、It‘s a pity(that).....真是很遺憾..... 這是表示遺憾的交際用語,后面跟的that從句就是所指的遺憾的事情.在口語中that??墒÷?


3、What a pity/shame!真是遺憾?。ㄕ婵上В。┯玫氖鞘÷缘母袊@句.(語氣較隨便)


表示同情時常用I‘m sorry to hear......或I’m so sorry.來表達,hear后可接that也可接that從句,表示“聽說......我很難過”,注意I‘m so sorry.在意思上不同于道歉.


二十八、有關意愿和希望的交際用語


I. 詢問對方的意愿


1、What do you want/plan/intend/hope to do...?/你想要/計劃/打算/希望干什么?


應答時用:I want / plan / intend / hope to do...我想要/計劃/打算/希望干什么.


注意:在動詞want / plan / intend / hope...之后要接不定式(而不接動名詞形式)作賓語.


2、What‘s your plan for ...?(What are your plans for...?)你有...有什么計劃?


應簽時可用I plan / intend / hope + to do ...或視其具體情況作答.


3、What do you feel like doing?你想做什么呢?在答語“I feel like doing.....”之后還可跟名詞.


4、What would you like to do sth?你想做什么呢?答語“I‘d like to(do sth.)”是“I would like”的省略,后跟動詞原形.


II. 表示希望用的句型:


I want / wish / hope to....我希望做什么 / I hope + that - clause. 我希望... / I wish + that - clause.但愿...


注意:上述句型中,在I hope / wish 之后跟由that引導的賓語從句.在口語中,that??墒÷?在I wish后的賓語從句中用陳述語氣;在that后的賓語從句中用虛擬語氣.


二十九、 表示判斷和意見


What do you think of....?/ How do you like....?/How did you find......?你認為......怎么樣?


What‘s you opinion of......?你對........的看法是什么?Tell us what you think about/ of.......談談你對的.......看法?We’d like to have your views/ opinions about.......我們想聽聽你對......的看法?


Well done/ Good work!很好!干得不錯!Not bad.不錯!It certainly is.的確如此.It‘s correct to do(sth)......是對的.It seems (to me) that-clause.(在我看來)好象.......In my opinion,...../ As I see it, ...依我看,......So far as I know, ... / From what I know/ understand......就我所知,......I would say......我認為......I think / believe / suppose......很可能......I’m sure......我確信......I don‘t think......我認為....不...It doesn’t seem possible that-clause,.........好象不可能.


三十、征詢


1、What‘s your opinion?你的看法呢?


In my opinion ...據我看,...


2、Do you think it is...?你可認為...嗎?


Yes,I think so./No,I don‘t think so.是的,我也這樣認為.不,我不這樣認為.


/ Yes,I agree with you.是的,我同意你的看法.


/ No,I don‘t agree with you.不,我不同意你的看法.


3、What do you think about it?你對這事是怎么看的.


I think / I believe...你認為.....


4、Would you like+名詞或不定式?


此句型用來詢問別人的愿望的,其簡略答語是I‘d like to或I’d love to我愿意。


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